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Food and Nutrition

Prenatal Vitamins

  • During pregnancy, it is important to take a prenatal vitamin daily
  • We can send in a prescription, or you can get vitamins over the counter
  • We recommend a prenatal vitamin with DHA to help with brain development
  • A daily prenatal vitamin plus a healthy diet should provide all the vitamins and minerals you need in pregnancy

Foods to Avoid

Unpasteurized dairy

  • Milk, yogurt and hard cheeses such as cheddar and parmesan are pasteurized
  • Soft cheeses, such as brie, feta, blue cheese and queso blanco (used in queso dip) may not be pasteurized

Undercooked meat

  • All meat should be cooked medium-well to well-done

Deli meat

  • You can eat deli meat only if it has been heated on high heat to kill any bacteria

Some fish

  • You should never eat raw fish, including sushi and sashimi
  • Cooked sushi rolls are safe to eat
  • Avoid eating fish high in mercury content, such as Bigeye tuna, king mackerel, marlin, orange roughy, shark, swordfish and tilefish
  • Albacore tuna (canned tuna) can be eaten 1x per week
  • Most other types of fish are safe to eat in pregnancy
  • We encourage eating safe varieties of fish, as it has omega 3 fatty acids which can help with brain development

Weight Gain in Pregnancy

  • For the average pregnant patient, we expect about a 25–30-pound weight gain
  • In the first trimester no additional calories are needed
  • In the second trimester an additional 340 calories are needed
  • In the third trimester an additional 450 calories are needed
  • We recommend getting these additional calories through healthy snacks such as nuts, fruits, yogurt, etc.
  • There are times where we will advise differently based upon your starting weight
  • It is safe to exercise during pregnancy, including cardiovascular and strength training
  • Exercise has been shown to improve pregnancy outcomes and reduce risk